Canada's fish and seafood industry is
- Surrounded by the Arctic, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and home to the Great Lakes, Canada boasts one of the world's most diverse fisheries in the world. Canada offers a wide variety of sustainably harvested species from many different areas of the country. In 2011, Atlantic Canada and Quebec commercial fishing landings were valued at $1.8 billion. Top Atlantic species in terms of value were lobster, snow crab, shrimp, scallops and Greenland turbot. Pacific commercial fishing landings were valued at $279 million. Top Pacific commercial species in terms of value were wild salmon, halibut, geoduck clams, spot prawns and Dungeness crab. Freshwater fish commercial landings were valued at $58 million. Top freshwater commercial species in terms of value were yellow pickerel, perch, whitefish, white bass and smelt.
- Canada's coastlines and clean environment allow for some of the best aquaculture growing conditions in the world. Canada's aquaculture sector continues to produce world renowned responsibly produced fish and seafood. Canada's aquaculture production was valued at $846 million in 2011. Top species produced were salmon (Atlantic, coho and chinook), mussels, rainbow trout, oysters, and clams.
- For more information on commercial landings and aquaculture statistics, please visit Fisheries and Oceans Canada's statistics webpage
- Canada's commercial fishing and aquaculture sectors provide more than 80,000 direct jobs to Canadians. They are the economic mainstay of many rural and coastal communities across Canada.
- Canada was the world's fifth largest fish and seafood exporter in 2011, with exports to more than 130 countries. In 2012, Canada's fish and seafood exports were valued at $4.1 billion. The United States is Canada's largest export market (representing roughly 62% of seafood trade) followed by China (11%), the European Union (8%), Japan (6%) and Hong Kong (3%). Canada's fish and seafood imports were $2.8 billion in 2012, resulting in a significant annual trade surplus.
- Fisheries and Oceans Canada is the federal government department that regulates and manages the Canadian fishery. Fisheries and Oceans Canada works to secure the future of Canada's wild fisheries by initiating conservative management practices that focus on sustainable development and responsible fishing. Visit Department of Fisheries and Oceans's Sustainable Fish and Seafood Portal for more information.
...independently inspected and controlled
- Canada has one of the world's most respected fish inspection and control systems. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) (www.inspection.gc.ca) sets the policies, requirements and inspection standards for fish products, federally registered fish and seafood processing establishments, importers, fishing vessels, and equipment used for handling, transporting and storing fish. All establishments which process fish and seafood for export or inter-provincial trade must be federally registered and must develop and implement a HACCP-based Quality Management Program (QMP) plan.
...officially certified for export
- The export certification program of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency provides exporters with official documentation that Canadian fish and seafood products sold on the international market will be acceptable to importing countries. Buyers can be assured that seafood from Canada will continue to meet the increasingly rigorous safety and wholesomeness standards required by the world's major seafood markets.
- Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada is responsible for marketing and trade development.
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